At 里的拉丁 we believe that learning a modern foreign language opens the widest window to understanding different cultures—different ways of living and perceiving the world. It allows students to go beyond their native preconceptions and to master new ways of expressing themselves. It also puts them in the position of others, which entails appreciating their complex social and historical perspectives, 他们的价值观, 他们的困境, 他们的梦想, their unique contributions to human civilization. Learning a foreign language is therefore instrumental in the formation of more empathetic, 更负责任, 更关键的, more sophisticated global citizens.
To this end we have designed introductory, 中间, advanced courses in French and Spanish that have three aims: to develop students’ 说话, 听, 阅读, writing skills; to have them explore various modes of expression (describing, 叙述, 解释, 假设, 分析, 解释, 批评, persuading); and to immerse them in the histories, 社会, cultures of the French- and Spanish-说话 world. All classes are conducted in the target language. Important complements to the intensive study of both languages, between the student’s third and fourth years of study, 是可选的, 但强烈鼓励, 为期一个月的浸入式课程 西班牙加的斯, 法国卡昂.
法国1 initiates the student into 说话 and understanding the language. From simple and convenient structures and expressions, the student is introduced to more complex and sophisticated words and phrases. He learns to use the present tense, 命令式的, 未来, “passé récent .,和一般过去式, as well as a number of common irregular verbs. His vocabulary is increased weekly until he is able to express many of the common daily experiences of his life in French. We strive to make the vocabulary and structural lessons as immediate and “relevant” as possible. To that end we use the audio-视觉 程序 是吧 从高级Vista学习. This 程序 gives the student the advantages of an immersion method by presenting native speakers in vivid situations, 在真实环境中. 同时, this course is structured so that the student can learn fundamental linguistic principles efficiently. 十大网赌靠谱网址平台也用 总理里弗 (an introductory 语法 book published by Amsco) to supplement students’ understanding of 语法 and 语法.
法国2 continues in the same manner as first-year French, gradually increasing the sophistication of the 语法 and 语法 until the student has mastered all common structural and grammatical usages from the subjunctive to the relative pronoun. His vocabulary is expanded to include typical French idioms and expressions and common vocabulary words in daily use in France. The student continues his initiation into French 文化 and social life and he is given every opportunity to express himself in the language. In addition to the customary “dialogue”—an oral acting-out of a situation in French—the student is called upon to memorize French poems and songs, he is required to present oral reports at several points in the year. He is still graded on both his oral and written work. 十大网赌靠谱网址平台继续使用 是吧, supplement that material with a 语法 review book, 第二个里弗 (Amsco). During the year we read selected stories from Les adventures du Petit Nicolas and, in the spring, we read the wonderful novel, 小王子.
法国3 completes the student’s study of 语法, 语法, vocabulary to the 中间 level and challenges him with more sophisticated and complicated forms and expressions. Themes studied include French history, geography, literature, La法语区, French art, the France of today. These are useful anticipatory themes before the immersion experience in Normandy. Vocabulary building focuses on expanding the student’s ability to express himself more fully by stressing abstract terms, 感情, 和想法. Readings enlarge upon and reinforce structure and meaning as they stimulate interest. Selections are chosen that respond to the grammatical and structural needs of the student as well as to his natural inquisitiveness. We have traditionally read short works and poems by well-known French writers, 包括伏尔泰, 萨特, 和莫泊桑. Students are still graded on their oral work as well as their written work. Special emphasis is placed upon essay writing as the student develops his ability to express himself clearly in French; he is required to write short 论文 and compositions and to deliver 口头报告 at frequent intervals. Une Fois pour Toutes serves as the main source book for 语法. Stronger students are urged to take the French SAT II in June.
French 4 (AP Language and Culture)
French 4 (AP Language and Culture), 提供给第二类的选修课, works to strengthen and expand the student’s ability to communicate in and to understand the language. 重点放在倾听上, 说话, 阅读, 写作水平也很高, as we pursue a syllabus that prepares students for the French Language AP Examination. 十大网赌靠谱网址平台关注文学, 文化, social aspects of French life and thought: the cinema, 文学的角度, 女性, 现代政治, 以及社会态度. The student necessarily deepens his understanding of the people as he learns the language; he also is forced to question his own notions and preconceptions as he considers the issues raised. Students are graded on their oral work as well as on their written work. AP French (A Guide for the Language Course) serves as a basic text, supplemented by articles from the internet. Cours Supérieur (Amsco) is used as the 语法 text; successful students who have not yet taken the French SAT II test are urged to do so at the end of the year.
法国5, 提供给一类人的选修课, prepares the student for the French Literature AP Examination while it continues to concentrate on increasing his ability to communicate in and to understand the language. We focus on 阅读s which span the four hundred years of French artistic and 文化 ascendancy, 范围从Molière, L ' École des Femmes 加缪, 《十大网赌靠谱网址平台》. There are frequent opportunities for 语法 review and vocabulary building. Students are expected to express themselves orally and in writing at an advanced level. Although much of the course discussion focuses on the formal investigation of literary trends and themes, the student has the opportunity to improve his conversational French through weekly seminars and dissertations.
西班牙语1 initiates students into understanding, 说话, 阅读, writing Spanish through a variety of communicative activities that encourage students to use Spanish in an authentic and effective way. To this end we use Vista Higher Learning’s Descubre 程序. 通过引人入胜的文本, 练习和视频, this 程序 nicely integrates the learning of Spanish 语法 and vocabulary with relevant Spanish and Spanish-American social and 文化 themes. 随着时间的推移, students are gradually exposed to more complex and sophisticated vocabulary and sentence structures, are introduced to the following Spanish-说话 countries: Spain, 厄瓜多尔, 墨西哥, 波多黎各, 古巴, 秘鲁, 危地马拉, 和智利. By the end of the year they have learned how to use the present, the preterit and the imperfect of regular, irregular and stem-changing verbs, are able to express many of their common daily experiences in areas such as school and family life, 国外旅行, 购物和餐饮. All class work is conducted in Spanish.
西班牙2 builds on students’ knowledge of vocabulary, 语法, 语法 until they have mastered all common structures and verb tenses. 十大网赌靠谱网址平台继续使用 Descubre 程序 supplemented by increasingly sophisticated poems, short 戏剧 and short narratives. The students continue their initiation into Spanish and Spanish-American 文化 and social life, are introduced to the following Spanish-说话 countries: Costa Rica, 阿根廷, 巴拿马, 哥伦比亚, 委内瑞拉, 玻利维亚, 尼加拉瓜, 多米尼加共和国, 萨尔瓦多, 洪都拉斯, 巴拉圭, 和乌拉圭. By the end of the year they have learned how to use familiar and formal commands and all the tenses of the indicative and subjunctive moods. They are also able to share many of their common experiences and perceptions about topics such as the workplace, 健康, 技术, 城市生活, 艺术, 以及时事. Classroom activities include 口头报告, debates, short 戏剧. All class work is conducted in Spanish.
西班牙3 deepens the students’ knowledge of 语法, 语法, vocabulary through an exploration of the history, 社会, 和西班牙文化. This is a useful anticipatory investigation prior to the immersion experience in Cadiz. Special emphasis is placed upon the acquisition of the linguistic skills necessary to understand, 分析, critique in the target language different forms of textual, 视觉, audio视觉 forms of expression such as poems, 叙事小说, 戏剧, 论文, 报纸上的文章, 短片, 纪录片, 媒体广告, 绘画, 和雕塑. Classroom activities include formal 口头报告, 戏剧性的表演, 社会和政治辩论, creative and expository writing.
Spanish 4: Spanish America Through Cinema
Spanish 4 (Spanish America Through Cinema) develops high competence in oral and written expression by exploring the history and culture of Spanish America through some of the most influential films produced in the region in the last 70 years. 在这个过程中, students will acquire an analytical framework to understand the language of cinema and learn the linguistic tools to 分析 films and literary texts; to express their views of complex historical and 文化 events; to write sophisticated argumentative 论文 and original screen戏剧; and to produce their own videos. This course also prepares students for the AP Spanish
西班牙5, 提供给一类人的选修课, 遵循, 并且经常扩展到, the proposed syllabus for the AP Spanish Literature and Culture course. We focus on 阅读s by some of the greatest Spanish and Latin-American writers, 包括塞万提斯, 琼娜, 加西亚•洛尔卡, 加西亚。马尔克斯, 富恩特斯, 博尔赫斯, 伊莎贝尔·阿连德. We survey the major literary and artistic movements, 他们与历史的联系, their importance in the shaping and understanding of modern Spanish and Latin-American culture. Students refine their language skills through class discussions, 口头报告, writing textual analyses and comparative 论文.